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Neurobiology

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"Peeling back the onion": a multi-layered approach to understand the dynamics of sleep

We now know that a good night's sleep is essential for maintaining optimal brain functioning and health. Many will have experienced the acute detrimental effects of "pulling an all-nighter" on attention and performance, which are usually quickly remedied by sleep. Chronically curtailed or disrupted sleep... click to read more

  • Maxime Jan | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Paul Franken | Professor at Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Views 579
Reading time 4 min
published on Apr 17, 2019
The Claustrum: Your shield from distraction

Being able to filter out irrelevant information is a crucial ability for any animal. Consider for a moment the number of sensations you can currently feel. Maybe someone is shouting in the background, has a strong perfume, or perhaps you have an itch? Even subtler... click to read more

  • Gal Atlan | PhD student at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences, Edmond J. Safra Campus, Jerusalem
  • Ami Citri | Professor at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences, Edmond J. Safra Campus, Jerusalem
Views 1022
Reading time 4 min
published on Jan 30, 2019
One step closer to brain-like computing

In many ways, we do not know how the brain processes information. However, we do know that the brain is mighty efficient at what it does. For instance, the human brain consumes only about 20 W, less than a standard light bulb. How does the... click to read more

  • Sacha van Albada | Group Leader at Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Theoretical Neuroscience (IAS-6) & JARA Institute Brain Structure-Function Relationships (INM-10), Jülich Research Centre, Jülich, Germany
  • Markus Diesmann | Director at Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Theoretical Neuroscience (IAS-6) & JARA Institute Brain Structure-Function Relationships (INM-10), Jülich Research Centre, Jülich, Germany
Views 1788
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Dec 10, 2018
Innate immune memory – microglia as key players

Memory is the process of storing and retrieving information. In human beings, the brain is the central storage organ, and it is equipped with the neuronal system: the basis for processing memories. But the brain is not the only place with a memory; in our bodies,... click to read more

  • Karoline Degenhardt | PhD Student at German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) Tübingen, Department of Cellular Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen
  • Ann-Christin Wendeln | PhD Student at German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) Tübingen; Department of Cellular Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen
Views 1066
Reading time 4 min
published on Nov 19, 2018
The adjustable REM sleep in Fur Seals

Key features of sleep such as behavioral quiescence, reduced responsiveness to external stimuli and characteristic posture are recorded in all living organisms, from simple forms like jellyfish to humans. This implies that sleep serves an important, yet unknown, vital evolutionary function. However, sleep is unambiguously... click to read more

  • Oleg Lyamin | Researcher at Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Jerome Siegel | Professor at Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Views 1008
Reading time 4.5 min
published on Oct 24, 2018